I am Aayush, 17 (in short, an extra-terrestrial among humans in New Delhi). I am a Core Programmer, an Ethical Hacker, a Die-hard Foodie, a Prankster, a Scientific Atheist (transhumanist, to be exact) and an Amateur Photographer who loves travelling - like hell. I am a huge fan of technology, art, literature, cars and gadgets.

I have been fiddling with computers even before I could I could speak (let alone write!). Or better put, I have been interacting with computers since I was two-and-a-half years old. :P

Get Clicking. Bon Voyage!!

You can also reach me through my Google account or through my emails at: aayush.2896@facebook.com or aayush.2896@outlook.com

 

somethingsosam:

I am obviously not a scientist. I just thought it’d be nice to create a version of the Cosmic Calendar that’s laid out in a vertical, easy to comprehend way. Also, if you’re not watching Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, you should be!

I had to cut this up into individual images because of tumblr’s compression… If you want to view or share this as one image you can get it here.

5 weird things that happen after you die
Your cells burst open. The process in which the human body decomposes starts just minutes after death. When the heart stops beating, we experience algor mortis, or the “death chill,” when the temperature of the body falls about 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit an hour until it reaches room temperature. Almost immediately, the blood becomes more acidic as carbon dioxide builds up. This causes cells to split open, emptying enzymes into the tissues, which start to digest themselves from within.
You turn white and purple. Gravity makes its mark on the human body in the first moments after death. While the rest of your body turns deathly pale, heavy red blood cells move to the parts of your body that are closest to the ground. This is because circulation has stopped. The results are purple splotches over your lower parts known as livor mortis. In fact, it is by studying the markings of livor mortis that the coroner can tell exactly what time you died.
Calcium makes your muscles contract. We’ve all heard of rigor mortis, in which a dead body becomes stiff and hard to move. Rigor mortis generally sets in about three to four hours after death, peaks at 12 hours, and dissipates after 48 hours. Why does it happen? There are pumps in the membranes of our muscle cells that regulate calcium. When the pumps stop working in death, calcium floods the cells, causing the muscles to contract and stiffen. Thus, there is rigor mortis.
Your organs will digest themselves. Putrefaction, or when our bodies start to look like extras in a zombie movie, follows rigor mortis. This phase is delayed by the embalming process, but eventually the body will succumb. Enzymes in the pancreas make the organ begin to digest itself. Microbes will tag-team these enzymes, turning the body green from the belly onwards. As Caroline Williams writes in NewScientist, “the main beneficiaries are among the 100 trillion bacteria that have spent their lives living in harmony with us in our guts.” As this bacterium breaks us down, it releases putrescine and cadaverine, which are the compounds which make the human body smell in death.
You may be covered in a wax. After putrefaction, decay moves quickly to turn the body into a skeleton. However, some bodies take an interesting turn on the way. If a body comes into contact with cold soil or water, it may develop adipocere, a fatty, waxy material formed from the bacteria breaking down tissue. Adipocere works as a natural preservative on the inner organs. It can mislead investigators into thinking a body died much sooner than it actually did, as was the case of a 300-year-old adipocere corpse recently found in Switzerland.

5 weird things that happen after you die

  • Your cells burst open. The process in which the human body decomposes starts just minutes after death. When the heart stops beating, we experience algor mortis, or the “death chill,” when the temperature of the body falls about 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit an hour until it reaches room temperature. Almost immediately, the blood becomes more acidic as carbon dioxide builds up. This causes cells to split open, emptying enzymes into the tissues, which start to digest themselves from within.
  • You turn white and purple. Gravity makes its mark on the human body in the first moments after death. While the rest of your body turns deathly pale, heavy red blood cells move to the parts of your body that are closest to the ground. This is because circulation has stopped. The results are purple splotches over your lower parts known as livor mortis. In fact, it is by studying the markings of livor mortis that the coroner can tell exactly what time you died.
  • Calcium makes your muscles contract. We’ve all heard of rigor mortis, in which a dead body becomes stiff and hard to move. Rigor mortis generally sets in about three to four hours after death, peaks at 12 hours, and dissipates after 48 hours. Why does it happen? There are pumps in the membranes of our muscle cells that regulate calcium. When the pumps stop working in death, calcium floods the cells, causing the muscles to contract and stiffen. Thus, there is rigor mortis.
  • Your organs will digest themselves. Putrefaction, or when our bodies start to look like extras in a zombie movie, follows rigor mortis. This phase is delayed by the embalming process, but eventually the body will succumb. Enzymes in the pancreas make the organ begin to digest itself. Microbes will tag-team these enzymes, turning the body green from the belly onwards. As Caroline Williams writes in NewScientist, “the main beneficiaries are among the 100 trillion bacteria that have spent their lives living in harmony with us in our guts.” As this bacterium breaks us down, it releases putrescine and cadaverine, which are the compounds which make the human body smell in death.
  • You may be covered in a wax. After putrefaction, decay moves quickly to turn the body into a skeleton. However, some bodies take an interesting turn on the way. If a body comes into contact with cold soil or water, it may develop adipocere, a fatty, waxy material formed from the bacteria breaking down tissue. Adipocere works as a natural preservative on the inner organs. It can mislead investigators into thinking a body died much sooner than it actually did, as was the case of a 300-year-old adipocere corpse recently found in Switzerland.

pewinternet:

The original proposal of the World Wide Web.
The World Wide Web turns 25 on Wednesday. We’re talking all things Web tomorrow; including expert predictions and ruminations about what the Web will be like in the future. Follow the conversation here, and by using #web25 on Twitter; and start thinking about your earliest memories of the Web (you’ve got mail, anyone?)
Background: http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/02/27/the-web-at-25-in-the-u-s/

pewinternet:

The original proposal of the World Wide Web.

The World Wide Web turns 25 on Wednesday. We’re talking all things Web tomorrow; including expert predictions and ruminations about what the Web will be like in the future. Follow the conversation here, and by using #web25 on Twitter; and start thinking about your earliest memories of the Web (you’ve got mail, anyone?)

Background: http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/02/27/the-web-at-25-in-the-u-s/

10 Fascinating Facts About the World Wide Web on Its 25th Birthday

Grab a slice of cake, send a #web25 hashtagged social media birthday card and check out these 10 cool historical facts about the web on its 25th anniversary:

1. The Father of the web wants you to fight for its freedom. Berners-Lee, 58, is celebrating the landmark anniversary of his pioneering collaborative communication protocol today by imploring its users to “defend its core principles” of freedom, non-censorship, and net neutrality.

The vocal Edward Snowden supporter is calling for people to back a universal “Internet Users Bill of Rights.” The “Web We Want” initiative sets out to establish personal user protections, including many now routinely trampled upon by the NSA. The project also aims to expand the web to the two-thirds of the world that still doesn’t have access to it.

2. The Internet’s first website went online on Aug. 6, 1991. Berners-Lee and his fellow CERN team members launched http://info.cern.ch with a landing page that only contained 153 words. It defined the World Wide Web (“W3”) as “a wide-area hypermedia information retrieval initiative aiming to give universal access to a large universe of documents” and contained 25 links to basic additional information about the pioneering initiative.

3. Let freedom ring. On April 30, 1993, CERN announced that its World Wide Web technology would be available to all for free. The public statement declared that the main components of the web’s structure were to remain in the public domain, giving anyone in the world freedom to use them. “CERN relinquishes all intellectual property rights to this code, both source and binary and permission is given to anyone to use, duplicate, modify and distribute it,” the historic statement read.

4. You are now free to roam freely about the Internet. Archie, which is widely considered to be the first-ever primitive search engine, went live in 1990. But a slew of others followed suit over the following decade, including web crawling giants who still chug on strong today like Yahoo, MSN, and, yes, the almighty Google.

5. Librarians surf, too. We have a New York librarian who calls herself Net-mom® to thank for the term “Surf the Internet.” Jean Armour Polly penned an article called “Surfing the INTERNET” that was published in a University of Minnesota library bulletin in 1992. Some credit Mark McCahill, the programmer behind an early web alternative called the Gopher protocol, for dreaming up the phrase.

6. An all-girl band stars in the first ever picture posted online. Berners-Lee also boasts the bragging rights to another awesome first: uploading the first photo to the web in 1992. It was a picture snapped backstage of an all-girl physics-themed rock band called Les Horribles Cernettes, which was founded in 1990 by a graphic designer at CERN. Berners-Lee scanned the photo, uploaded it to a Mac and FTPd it to the now famous info.cern.ch. The web Berners-Lee invented lives on, but the Cernettes broke up in 2012. Bummer.

7. Primitive browsers helped the web reach critical mass. NCSAMosaic, the web’s first widely used graphical browser is often credited with bringing the internet out of geeky obscurity. Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina developed the iconic black, gray and blue browser at the University of Illinois National Center for Supercomputing Applications in 1993. Before Mosaic, web users had to slog through arduous, complicated character-based interfaces, like Lynx.

Netscape Navigator, which landed on the internet a year later on Dec. 15, 1994, also played a momentous role in making the web accessible to the general public. (Remember that first newspaper assignment I scored? I tackled my article research by drifting in a bottomless, frustratingly slow-loading Netscape vortex for three weird hours. Good times.)  

Mosaic may take the title for the first popular web browser, but the honor of the inaugural graphical web browser belongs to ViolaWWW. The complex “hypermedia browser,” which only worked on the X Windows System and Unix workstations, launched on March 9, 1992.  

8. The internet is not the web and the web is not the internet. Don’t get them twisted like most people do, especially not if you’re in Silicon Valley. The internet was a thing long before the web and the web wouldn’t exist without the internet. The internet, the roots of which can be traced as far back to the invention of the modem in 1958, is a massive infrastructure that bridges millions of computers throughout the globe. The World Wide Web is a vast system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed on the internet.

9. Billions of people surf the web. Of the world’s 7.1 billion people, an estimated 2.4 billion people go online today. That’s 37.7 percent of the world’s total population. About six out of seven people across the globe have internet access. Approximately 70 percent of internet users surf the web every day.

10. Americans rock the web the most. Users in the U.S. account for 78.6 percent of global web usage, trailed by Australia (67.6 percent), Europe (63.2 percent), Latin America/Caribbean (42.9 percent), Middle East (40.2 percent), Asia (25.7 percent) and Africa (15.6).  Surprisingly, some 24 nations remain completely offline.

(Source: entrepreneur.com)

Storm Spotting 101: How to Predict the Weather Using Nothing but Cloud Shapes

Storm Spotting 101: How to Predict the Weather Using Nothing but Cloud Shapes

Americans Don’t Have Time For Slow Websites [INFOGRAPHIC]

Americans Don’t Have Time For Slow Websites [INFOGRAPHIC]

The American Express Black Card
The American Express Black Card has a reputation as the most elite card available on the market. Big spenders know that it carries a level of prestige that rises above its’ competitors, and it’s well known as the elite credit card offering in the world. Celebrities and fans alike see it as a status symbol, and the Black Card is frequently mentioned in pop culture music references as a means to show off a level of success in a musician’s career. It’s likely that you’ve heard of the American Express Black Card (or Centurion as it’s also known) before, but what do you really know about it? What are the requirements to sign up? How much do you have to spend? What are the Centurion Card benefits or terms and conditions? Let’s take a deeper look to learn a little bit more.

How To Get An American Express Black Card
Few people know this, but there are some serious requirements to be eligible for a Black Card. Until 2006, you actually had to be invited to get one. They’ve since removed the invite restrictions but you’ll still need to be in a pretty elite club to be eligible for a Centurion Card.
First, you’ll need to already have an American Express Platinum Card.  Since one of the requirements of having an American Express Black Card is to spend a minimum of $250,000 per year, you’re gonna to start by spending and paying off that much on your Amex Platinum Card. This means you’re going to need make as many purchases as possible on your Platinum Card, and stay on top of paying off your monthly balance. Pay everything you can – pay utilities with Amex, pay for every dinner – anything you can think of. If you’re credit limit is too low, you can actually over pay your bill at the end of the month to gain a larger balance for the following month. Did you flinch when I mentioned you need to spend and pay off $250,000 per year just to qualify for a Black Card? Well, then it likely isn’t for you.
Make sure your credit rating is high – avoid bad credit. There’s no point in even trying to apply for a Black Card if you have a poor credit rating. Make sure, in addition to your Amex bill, that you’re paying off all of your other bills and credit cards at the end of the month, on time. 
Own significant assets. American Express is going to look at your asset portfolio as well as your credit history, so it will be a positive sign if you own a business, home, vacation home, luxury yacht, or have an extraordinarily large savings account. Of course, owning significant assets is also going to help you on your quest to spend $250,000 per year on your Platinum Card!
Black Card Requirements
There are minimum requirements for anyone who wants to become a Centurion cardholder. If Amex decides you’re an acceptable risk then you’re on to the next step – so what are the requirements?
One time sign up fee of $5,000. To experience the privilege of a black card, you’ll need to pay this one time upfront fee.
An annual fee of $2,500. This fee is required for all cardholders.
Spend a minimum of $250,000 per year. As discussed above, this is the minimum allowable amount you need to spend and pay off to become an American Express Centurion cardholder.
Black Card Benefits
What exactly are the benefits of carrying an American Express Black Card? There are many perks available to existing American Express customers, but even more so for Centurion Card Holders. Many of these perks will work towards off-setting your sign up and yearly fees, so you’ll want to take advantage of them at every chance possible.
Tickets – Tickets for major concerts, sporting events, and other high profile outings are automatically reserved for Black Card members. Don’t bother trying to scramble with TicketMaster when you can use these member privileges!
High Spending Limits – Your spending limit will be based on your asset portfolio and credit history, and unlike many rumors have speculated, is not unlimited. However, it is likely very high, meaning you can purchase extremely high value objects with your Centurion Card.
Private Jet – As part of your American Express Black Card membership, you’ll be able to have the option of partial ownership of a private jet, in addition to rewards points towards travel.
Travel – Automatic upgrades on hotels, resorts, and many airlines are all part of the package that comes with Black Card membership. In some cases you can even earn one night stays just for being a member!
Additional Black Card Services
In addition to the perks mentioned above, you also receive many other complimentary services as part of your Centurion Card membership. It seems that American Express really goes out of their way to provide an amazing experience for Black Card customers!
Personal Concierge – Simply pick up the phone and call your personal concierge, and they’ll help you do almost anything – from making dinner reservations, shopping for you, and even providing personal reminders for appointments, birthdays and more. This seems to be a great benefit to us – almost like having a personal assistant!
Travel Concierge – In addition to your personal concierge, you also get the benefit of a full service travel agent, who can assist you in booking flights, limos, helicopters, hotels, car rentals and more. Why worry about booking your own reservations when your personal travel agent can do it for you?
Translator – Traveling to a foreign country where you don’t speak the language? American Express Black Card services will make arrangements for you.
Financial Assistant – Need to sell an asset or business? Your financial assistant that comes with your Black card membership can help you with the process.
Personal Shopper – Too busy lounging on the beach to do all your own shopping? Let your personal shopper do it for you!
There’s clearly an overwhelming number of reasons why the American Express Black Card is the most elite credit card in the world. Did we mention that on top of all the benefits mentioned above, your Black Card is actually made of titanium? Not only will your friends (and everyone else around you) be impressed with your level of spending, but you can also show off the cool form factor. One thing is true – the Black Card is definitely not for everyone; it’s hardly for anyone! If you can step up to the table with a strong credit background, high volume of assets, and outrageous spending habits, you may qualify – but we’re guessing you already knew that.
So what do you think of the American Express Black Card? Have you seen one in the wild before? Do you know anyone who has one? Share your thoughts in the comments below!

The American Express Black Card

The American Express Black Card has a reputation as the most elite card available on the market. Big spenders know that it carries a level of prestige that rises above its’ competitors, and it’s well known as the elite credit card offering in the world. Celebrities and fans alike see it as a status symbol, and the Black Card is frequently mentioned in pop culture music references as a means to show off a level of success in a musician’s career. It’s likely that you’ve heard of the American Express Black Card (or Centurion as it’s also known) before, but what do you really know about it? What are the requirements to sign up? How much do you have to spend? What are the Centurion Card benefits or terms and conditions? Let’s take a deeper look to learn a little bit more.

How To Get An American Express Black Card

Few people know this, but there are some serious requirements to be eligible for a Black Card. Until 2006, you actually had to be invited to get one. They’ve since removed the invite restrictions but you’ll still need to be in a pretty elite club to be eligible for a Centurion Card.

  • First, you’ll need to already have an American Express Platinum Card.  Since one of the requirements of having an American Express Black Card is to spend a minimum of $250,000 per year, you’re gonna to start by spending and paying off that much on your Amex Platinum Card. This means you’re going to need make as many purchases as possible on your Platinum Card, and stay on top of paying off your monthly balance. Pay everything you can – pay utilities with Amex, pay for every dinner – anything you can think of. If you’re credit limit is too low, you can actually over pay your bill at the end of the month to gain a larger balance for the following month. Did you flinch when I mentioned you need to spend and pay off $250,000 per year just to qualify for a Black Card? Well, then it likely isn’t for you.
  • Make sure your credit rating is high – avoid bad credit. There’s no point in even trying to apply for a Black Card if you have a poor credit rating. Make sure, in addition to your Amex bill, that you’re paying off all of your other bills and credit cards at the end of the month, on time. 
  • Own significant assets. American Express is going to look at your asset portfolio as well as your credit history, so it will be a positive sign if you own a business, home, vacation home, luxury yacht, or have an extraordinarily large savings account. Of course, owning significant assets is also going to help you on your quest to spend $250,000 per year on your Platinum Card!

Black Card Requirements

There are minimum requirements for anyone who wants to become a Centurion cardholder. If Amex decides you’re an acceptable risk then you’re on to the next step – so what are the requirements?

  • One time sign up fee of $5,000. To experience the privilege of a black card, you’ll need to pay this one time upfront fee.
  • An annual fee of $2,500. This fee is required for all cardholders.
  • Spend a minimum of $250,000 per year. As discussed above, this is the minimum allowable amount you need to spend and pay off to become an American Express Centurion cardholder.

Black Card Benefits

What exactly are the benefits of carrying an American Express Black Card? There are many perks available to existing American Express customers, but even more so for Centurion Card Holders. Many of these perks will work towards off-setting your sign up and yearly fees, so you’ll want to take advantage of them at every chance possible.

  • Tickets – Tickets for major concerts, sporting events, and other high profile outings are automatically reserved for Black Card members. Don’t bother trying to scramble with TicketMaster when you can use these member privileges!
  • High Spending Limits – Your spending limit will be based on your asset portfolio and credit history, and unlike many rumors have speculated, is not unlimited. However, it is likely very high, meaning you can purchase extremely high value objects with your Centurion Card.
  • Private Jet – As part of your American Express Black Card membership, you’ll be able to have the option of partial ownership of a private jet, in addition to rewards points towards travel.
  • Travel – Automatic upgrades on hotels, resorts, and many airlines are all part of the package that comes with Black Card membership. In some cases you can even earn one night stays just for being a member!

Additional Black Card Services

In addition to the perks mentioned above, you also receive many other complimentary services as part of your Centurion Card membership. It seems that American Express really goes out of their way to provide an amazing experience for Black Card customers!

  • Personal Concierge – Simply pick up the phone and call your personal concierge, and they’ll help you do almost anything – from making dinner reservations, shopping for you, and even providing personal reminders for appointments, birthdays and more. This seems to be a great benefit to us – almost like having a personal assistant!
  • Travel Concierge – In addition to your personal concierge, you also get the benefit of a full service travel agent, who can assist you in booking flights, limos, helicopters, hotels, car rentals and more. Why worry about booking your own reservations when your personal travel agent can do it for you?
  • Translator – Traveling to a foreign country where you don’t speak the language? American Express Black Card services will make arrangements for you.
  • Financial Assistant – Need to sell an asset or business? Your financial assistant that comes with your Black card membership can help you with the process.
  • Personal Shopper – Too busy lounging on the beach to do all your own shopping? Let your personal shopper do it for you!

There’s clearly an overwhelming number of reasons why the American Express Black Card is the most elite credit card in the world. Did we mention that on top of all the benefits mentioned above, your Black Card is actually made of titanium? Not only will your friends (and everyone else around you) be impressed with your level of spending, but you can also show off the cool form factor. One thing is true – the Black Card is definitely not for everyone; it’s hardly for anyone! If you can step up to the table with a strong credit background, high volume of assets, and outrageous spending habits, you may qualify – but we’re guessing you already knew that.

So what do you think of the American Express Black Card? Have you seen one in the wild before? Do you know anyone who has one? Share your thoughts in the comments below!

generalelectric:

A demonstration of the artificial lightning generator at the GE High Voltage Laboratory in 1942. Footage from the GE documentary “Lightning.”

Project Tango

Google unveils next-generation smartphone device featuring motion and depth sensors. This is really exciting as it offers computational photography to the masses and far more sophisticated Augmented Reality experiences. The prototype device is available now for developers to create something special - video embedded below:

As we walk through our daily lives, we use visual cues to navigate and understand the world around us. We observe the size and shape of objects and rooms, and we learn their position and layout almost effortlessly over time. This awareness of space and motion is fundamental to the way we interact with our environment and each other. We are physical beings that live in a 3D world. Yet, our mobile devices assume that physical world ends at the boundaries of the screen.

The goal of Project Tango is to give mobile devices a human-scale understanding of space and motion.

You can find out more at the Project Tango website here

thisistheverge:

'Tron' designer creates a real-world superbike
Lotus has a new superbike called the C-01. Designed by Daniel Simon, whose work you’ll know from Tron: Legacy, Oblivion, and Captain America, the bike balances the Lotus form of old with a decidedly modern finish. Although Simon is better known for his concept work, and the C-01 certainly looks like a designer’s wild fantasy, the bike will actually go on sale: the British company plans to produce 100 in partnership with German manufacturer Kodewa. Previously, the two companies worked together on a number of auto-racing projects.

policymic:

15 things that cost more than WhatsApp

The tech and business communities have their heads aflutter with news that social media giant Facebook has decided to buy WhatsApp, an app company that mimicks traditional text messaging for smartphones, for a staggering $19 billion ($16 billion in cash, and $3 billion in restricted stock). If that sounds like a lot of money to you, that’s because it is an incomprehensible amount of money — more than you could spend in a hundred lifetimes.

Read more

(ht thingshtatarecheaperthanwhatsapp)


Can we please just stand up for two minutes and salute this anonymous scientist. #Respect

Moral of the story: Never. Ever. Mess. With. A. Scientist.

Can we please just stand up for two minutes and salute this anonymous scientist. #Respect

Moral of the story: Never. Ever. Mess. With. A. Scientist.

The Spiritual Atheist - Dwelling in divinity

techlicious:


The following article what you see below appeared in The Economic Times, under the column ‘Cosmic Uplink’. The next day, the name of the column was changed to ‘Spiritual Atheist’.

Atheism exists along two ends of a spectrum. There is the atheist who lives a life centred on himself. He is full of worldly desires to enjoy, control, possess and demonstrate his superiority over others. His egotism does not allow him to bow his head before anyone.

This atheist rejects God and religion because constraints and restrictions impede his worldly desires for comfort, and his aspirations for aggrandisement and domination. His morals and ethics (if any) are both tactical and elastic; they exist only to ensure personal safety and help achieve his aspirations. At the other end of the spectrum is the Spiritual Atheist.

Read More

Proud to be an Atheist.

Both, a spiritual and a Scientific Atheist.